What is Parts of Speech?
In English grammar, words are generally divided into eight classes or Parts of Speech according to the work they do in a sentence.
Take a look on this Infographic
Hey,welcome to today’s lesson on ‘Parts of speech‘. Parts of speech is an important topic of basic English grammar. If you construct a sentence then you definitely learn about parts of speech properly otherwise you fail to construct a proper sentence.
So let’s give you some overview of those
At first, What is a Noun?
A noun is specified as the name of a person, place or thing. There are five kinds of nouns-
A proper noun is the name of a particular place or person. For example, Dubai is the richest city, here Dubai refers to the name of a place so it is a proper noun.
A common noun is specified as the name given in common to every person or thing. For example, The girl in my class.
A material noun denotes the matter of substance of the thing. For example, the house is built of wood
It is the name of a quality, action or state belonging to an object. For example, Darkness, movement, music, philosophy
A collective noun is the name of a group of the collection of persons or things are taken together. For example, army, group, team, class, crowd
Then another part of speech – Pronoun
A pronoun is a word that replaces, relates or which is used instead of a noun or equivalent. Pronouns are classified in ten types.
- Personal pronoun
- Impersonal pronoun
- Demonstrative pronoun
- Distributive Pronoun
- Indefinite pronoun
- Reciprocal pronoun
- Reflexive and Emphatic pronoun
- Relative pronoun
- Interrogative pronoun
- Possessive pronoun
Let’s talk about them
It indicates any person while acting as a subject or an object. For example, I, we, they, you, he, she, him, her, our
It indicates mainly the non-living things. For example, it
It demonstrates any particular sense. For example, this, that, these, those, it, so, such
It distributes the sense of the subject or object. For example, each, every, either, neither
It signifies the sense of the subject or object. For example, any, all, many, some, few, someone, anyone, none, anybody, nobody, everybody
it reciprocates between two or among more than two subjects and makes a complementary sense. For example, each other, one another
Reflexive and Emphatic
It makes an extra emphasis on the main subject and is constructed with s ‘self’ word. For example, my self, herself, himself, themselves, yourself
It relates the subject or object with another clause or part of the sentence. For example, who, which, what, that, whose, whom, anyone, none, anybody
It makes the sense of interrogation. For example, who, which, what, whom, whose
it signifies a possession over any other person. For example, mine, ours, yours, his, its, theirs
A verb is a word that states action, position or being. There are seven types of verb
If you want to learn about the verb in detail check out our another post on the verb
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. These are 9 kinds
- Adverb of time (Before, ago, lately, yet, soon, yesterday)
- Manner (Slowly, so, soundly)
- Place (Everywhere, down, near, away, etc.)
- Adverb of frequency (Once, seldom, rarely, usually)
- Adverb of affirmation and negation (Certainly, apparently, undoubtedly)
- Interrogative (Where, when, how, why, how often, how long)
- Relative (When, why, how)
- Adverb of degree (Almost, fully, very, enough, rather, really)
- Adverb of sentence (Surely, luckily)
- Proper adjective (Asian, Chinese, American, Japanese, African)
- Adjective of quality (Good, bad, rich, poor, wise, great, hot, cold, warm)
- Numerical adjective (one, two, five, several, each, every, few, a few, fourth, very few, many)
- Adjective of quantity( All, any, much, some, half, full, whole, enough)
- Demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those, such)
- Distributive adjective (Each, every, either, neither)
- Interrogative adjective ( Which, what, whose)
- Possessive adjective ( my, our, his, her)
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with other parts of speech in a sentence.
Prepositions are six types, they are-
- Time (at, in, on, by, off, from, away, since, for, towards)
- Place (At, from, within, without, inside, outside, in front of, on top of, beyond, between)
- Possession (By, of, with)
- Prepositions of direction motion (To, at, from, round, across, against)
- Prepositions of cause, reason, and purpose (Of, for, with)
- Agent, Manner or Method ( In, on, for, by with, though)
Although prepositions are categorized in different ways like
- Simple preposition
- Double preposition
- Disguised preposition
- Special preposition
- Appropriate preposition
In my another article I discuss this category of the preposition. Check those also
A conjunction is a word which is used to join words, phrases, clause, and sentences. There are three types of conjunction
- Co-ordinating conjunction
- Sub-ordinating Conjunction
- Correlative conjunction
For brief details on it Check out my Conjunction related post, It will help you a lot
An interjection expresses some sudden feeling of one’s mind. For example, Alas! We have lost the match. Hurrah! We won the match.
Some common interjection is Bravo, Hurrah, Alas, Oh etc.
So now identifying parts of speech in the following sentences:
- I know Ram who gave him the book.
- He told me about the matter.
- Bravo! this is very nicely done.
- Platinum is a very valuable metal.
- Priyanka, my sister, is an intelligent girl.
- Your friend will be very sorry if you do it.
- Give me a glass of water.
- John speaks English fluently and well.
- Put the book on the chair.
- The tree fell, but nobody was heart.
- Let our father bless us all.
- The bungalow is in the middle of a wood.
- Iron is the most useful metal.
- The old woman begged me for help.
- He came into the room after I had left it.
Maybe there are 3 or more parts of speech in a sentence. Find them all.
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So that’s all for today’s lesson. I hope you all understand about parts of speech, If you still have any queries regarding these please check out our other articles on it. The concept is everything in this time if you have the proper concept about anything then you are master in that field. So I will suggest you go through my other post regarding this for complete knowledge.
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